This three day (24 hour) course will provide students with an understanding of forensic examination of vehicle lamps. They will learn how to examine and evaluate headlights (sealed beam and halogen), taillights, and other vehicle lamps to determine if the lamps were on at the time of an accident. The course material will cover information on filament manufacture, bulb design and assembly, normal filament failure, and manufacturing irregularities in filaments. Students will conduct hands-on examination of an extensive collection of exemplars, and will perform experiments and exercises regarding filament deformation. Recent research on halogen headlights in crash sled tests will be presented and students will have the opportunity to examine the halogen bulbs involved in the tests. This course is intended for criminalists who have a beginning interest in lamp examination and for more experienced criminalists who wish to expand their background in this area of forensic examination. Each class is limited to 12 students. POST certification Plan IV.