Attorney General Becerra Announces Criminal Charges in a Bay Area Labor Exploitation and Human Trafficking Case

Friday, September 7, 2018
Contact: (916) 210-6000,

SACRAMENTO – California Attorney General Xavier Becerra today announced the arrest and filing of charges against a family of four for human trafficking and other labor-related charges. The four defendants allegedly committed these crimes while operating Rainbow Bright, a California adult residential and child care company. 

The defendants— Joshua, 42; Noel, 40; Gerlen, 38; and Carlina Gamos, 67 — were charged with a total of 59 criminal counts, including human trafficking and rape. The defendants targeted members of the Filipino community, many of whom were new to the United States, for labor exploitation. While serving the arrest warrants, agents also seized 14 illegal assault weapons. Of the 14 assault weapons, three were "ghost gun" rifles without serial numbers. Ghost guns allow individuals to bypass background checks and registration regulations.

“No worker in the United States should live in fear or be subjected to violence, abuse or exploitation at the hands of their employer,” said Attorney General Becerra. “The charges against the Gamos family members are despicable. We must not turn a blind eye to abusive labor practices. Report it, and we will investigate and prosecute.”

According to the complaint, Rainbow Bright employees were forced to work nearly 24 hours a day, slept on floors and in garages, and were locked outside in the rain when the owners were not home. Rainbow Bright executives deterred the employees from leaving the dismal working conditions by regularly threatening to turn the employees over to U.S. immigration officials and by confiscating some employees’ passports.

The charges come as the result of a year-long investigation by the California Attorney General’s Office Tax Recovery and Criminal Enforcement (TRaCE) Task Force and involving the San Mateo County District Attorney’s Office, the U.S. Department of Labor, the California Department of Industrial Relations, the California Employment Development Department, the California Department of Social Services, the Pacifica Police Department, the Daly City Police Department, and the South San Francisco Police Department. The Department of Justice, Department of Tax and Fee Administration, Franchise Tax Board, and Employment Development Department pursued this case in partnership as part of the Tax Recovery and Criminal Enforcement (TRaCE) Task Force.

It is important to note that a criminal complaint contains charges that are only allegations against a person. Every defendant is presumed innocent until proven guilty.

A copy of the complaint is attached to the electronic version of this release at

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PDF icon Filed criminal complaint.pdf1.45 MB