The California Department of Justice (DOJ) oversees the operations and access to the CalGang® System in an effort to provide an accurate, timely, and electronically generated database of statewide gang related intelligence information.
What is CalGang®
The CalGang® system is designed to enhance officer safety, improve the efficiency of criminal investigations and identify and track gang members. CalGang® affords participating law enforcement agencies in and outside of California the ability to impact the effects of violent crime, thereby ensuring the safety of their communities. The CalGang® system operates pursuant to the United States Code of Federal Regulations, title 28, section 23 (28CFR23), ad seq. as a Criminal Intelligence System.
CalGang® is a wide area, low cost, easy to use, securely networked, relational, intelligence database, that houses data on members of criminal street gangs, descriptions, tattoos, criminal associates, locations, vehicles, field interviews, criminal histories and activities.
CalGang® has been in operation for over ten years, collecting criminal intelligence information from local, state, federal and tribal law enforcement agencies in California.
Who is Responsible for CalGang®
Chapter 695, Statutes of 2017, the Fair and Accurate Gang Database Act of 2017, requires the California Department of Justice (DOJ) to administer and oversee the CalGang® database, effective January 1, 2018. The CGNAC deals with the day to day operations of the system. CGNAC members are from law enforcement agencies that utilize the CalGang® system and represent their designated region.
Regional Databases are maintained by:
- Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department; Los Angeles Police Department;
- San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department;
- Riverside County Sheriff's Department; Riverside Police Department; Riverside County District Attorney's Office;
- Orange County District Attorney's Office;
- San Diego Police Department;
Additionally, pursuant to AB 90, on January 1, 2018, the Attorney General established the Gang Database Technical Advisory Committee (GDTAC) to advise the department in promulgating regulations governing the use, operation, and oversight of shared gang databases.
Who has access to CalGang®
Only specifically trained law enforcement officers and support staff may access CalGang® information.
Release of CalGang® Criminal Intelligence Information is on a Right-to-Know (A Law Enforcement Officer) and Need-to-Know (Legitimate Law Enforcement Purpose) basis only.
Does DOJ Oversee All Shared Gang Databases Within California?
Per Chapter 695, Statutes of 2017, the Fair and Accurate Gang Database Act of 2017, the DOJ has responsibility for overseeing and administering the CalGang database. However, the DOJ is responsible for promulgating regulations governing the use, operation, and oversight of any shared gang database. In addition, the DOJ may enforce a violation of state, federal or regulation with respect to a shared gang database or a regulation, policy, or procedure established by the department.